Covalent Bonding

In a covalent bond, two atoms share a pair of electrons


The term covalent bond is used to describe the bonds in compounds that result from the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons.

  • There are two types of covalent bonds – nonpolar and polar covalent bonds
  • In nonpolar covalent bonds, the electrons are shared equally between the two atoms
  • In polar covalent bonds, the electrons are are not shared equally and will be closer to the atom with the higher electronegativity
  • Please note: The electrons are shared, not transferred so there is no loss or gain of electrons

Covalent bond - polar and nonpolar

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