Covalent Bond

What is a covalent bond?


The term covalent bond is used to describe the bonds in compounds that result from the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons.

  • In covalent bonds, the electrons are shared equally between two atoms.
  • However, the distance between the shared electrons may not be equal.
  • They may be closer to one atom than the other because one has higher electronegative pull than the other.
  • Please note: The electrons are shared, not transferred. So no loss or gain of electrons.
  • There are two types of covalent bonds – nonpolar and polar covalent bonds.
  • Below is a summary of the characteristics of the covalent bonds.

Summary of covalent bond diagram


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