What is COVALENT BOND?
The term covalent bond is used to describe the bonds in compounds that result from the sharing of one or more pairs of electrons.
- In covalent bonds, the electrons are shared equally between two atoms.
- However, the distance between the shared electrons may not be equal.
- They may be closer to one atom than the other because one has higher electronegative pull than the other.
- Please note: The electrons are shared, not transferred. So no loss or gain of electrons.
- There are two types of covalent bonds – nonpolar and polar covalent bonds.
- Below is a summary of the characteristics of the covalent bonds.