Nonpolar Covalent Bond

non polar covalent bonds electrons shared equally

Nonpolar Covalent Bond is a chemical bond between two atoms that share electrons equally

It is like a married couple with a joint bank account.


The electrons are shared at equal distance.

non polar covalent bonds atoms shared at equal distance

The atoms are equally attracted

They both have more or less the same pull so the electronegativity difference is small.

non polar covalent bonds atoms are equally attracted

The electrons are equally shared, there is no charge separation (dipole moment)

No dipole moment in non-polar covalent bonds

Nonpolar molecules are hydrophophic

Since nonpolar molecules don’t have charge seperation, they are so tightly bonded, they cannot interact with water.

Hydrophobic molecules repel water

Non-polar covalent bond electronegativity scale

Non-polar ionic bond negativity scale

If the difference in electronegativity scale between two atoms is 0.5 or less, it is a non-polar covalent bond.

An example of non-polar bond, carbon to carbon

Carbon to carbon forms non-polar covalent bonds

Non-polar covalent bonds tend to form between two very similar atoms. Their electronegativity value is small in comparison to other bonds.

An example of non-polar covalent bond is a bond between two carbon atoms.

To read more about this bond type, go to Carbon to Carbon non-polar covalent bond>

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