Carbon to Carbon Bonds

Ethane is a hydrocarbon that contains a single carbon–carbon bond

Carbon-carbon bonds

A carbon atom has 4 valence electrons

A carbon atom has 4 valence electrons

A single bond

Most bonds that carbon form are single bonds. Single bond simply means sharing one pair of bonding electrons between two atoms and is represented by one line. 

Two carbon atoms forming a single bond

Two carbon atoms forming a single bond

In ethane, two carbons atoms share a single bond

Structural drawing of an ethane molecule showing the single carbon to carbon bond

A double bond

A carbon atom can also form multiple bonds with other carbon atoms.

In a double bond, two pairs of electrons are shared.

In ethylene, a double bond is formed between two carbon atoms

ethlyene - double bonds

A triple bond

In a triple bond, three pairs of electrons are shared

A triple bond between two carbon atoms

In ethyne, a triple bond is formed between two carbon atoms

A triple bond in ethyne

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.