Carbon to Carbon – Single, Double & Triple Bonds

CARBON TO CARBON BONDING

  • We know from the periodic table Carbon atoms have 4 valence electrons on the outer shells.
  • According to the Octet Rule of Electron Configuration, this means the four are free to wonder and find opportunity to PAIR UP with other atoms.
  • That’s because The Octet Rule requires the valence shell or outermost shell of the atoms to have 8 electrons to become stable.
  • You can read more about the Octect Rule here. octet rule

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carbon to carbon bonding

When two carbon atoms come together, they can each share 1 electron and form a single bond. That will leave three valence electrons from each atom to pair up with other electrons from other atoms they come in contact with.

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pair-upcarbon-to-carbon-single-bond-structure

CARBON TO CARBON SKELETAL STRUCTURES

Skeletal structure for chemical bondingThe skeletal structure shows the type of bonding between elements.

SINGLE, DOUBLE AND TRIPLE BONDS

Single bond — 1 atom shared from each atom
Double bond — 2 atoms shared from each atom
Triple bond — 3 atoms shared from each atom

CARBON-TO-ARBON-BONDS

DRAWING A LINE IN THE MIDDLE

Here’s a trick – if you draw a line through the middle of the carbon bonds, you should be able to work out exactly 4 bonds on each side, because each carbon atom has 4 bonding electrons which are the valence electrons.

c-c-bonding

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