Brownian Motion

Brownian Motion Cartoon - Chemistry

Brownian Motion Cartoon - Chemistry
Come to the party, do the zig-zag motion

Irregular motion of suspended particles is called “Brownian Motion”.
Watch an interesting Youtube video on the discovery of Brownian Motion by British botanist Robert Brown

Robert Brown British Brown

Robert Brown was a Scottish botanist who first discovered the Brownian motion.

Robert Brown observed random motion of pollen grains dispersed in water under a microscope

  • He noticed random motion of pollen grains dispersed in water under a microscope as if they are constantly dancing.
  • Brownian motion results from the collision of the particles of the suspension (or liquid) and the dispersed particles (the pollen grains).
  • Examples of where you might find Brownian motion is flour and water, pollen and water, paint and water. Brownian motion can be found in the air too. Ever notice the dust particles moving around when a shaft of light shines through the window?
  • Adding heat to the suspension will make the particles move faster and collide with each other more.

RANDOM MOTION OF PARTICLES

Particles randomly moving in a solution - no fixed direction
Particles randomly moving in a solution – no fixed direction

COLLOIDS

Colloid particles repel one another due to presence of similar charges

  • Do you know that the suspended particles are constantly in collision with the molecules of the surrounding medium?
  • These particles are known as colloids and the zig-zag like movement of colloids are known as Brownian motion.
  • More reading about colloids and properties.

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